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Pafos

Pafos is the 4th town in size in Cyprus and has been under tremendous development over the last few years, nonetheless it still retains its charm.

The main archaeological sites in Pafos distict are:

Pafos Medieval Fort

Stands proudly at the entrance of the port in Kato Pafos. Originally a Byzantine fort built to protect the harbour, the fort was rebuilt by the Lusignans in the 13th century but then dismantled by the Venetians. It was rebuilt by the Ottomans in the 16th century when they conquered the island.


Tombs of the Kings

This is one of the major attractions of Pafos. These monumental underground tombs carved out of solid rock date back to the 4th century BC and some are decorated with Doric pillars. High ranking officials rather the Kings where buried here but the magnificence of the tombs gave the locality its grand name.


Mosaics

The mosaic floors of the House of Dionysos, House of Theseus, House of Aion and House of Orpheas date from the 3rd to the 5th century AD. The villas belonged to noblemen and the mosaics are considered among the finest in the Eastern Mediterranean. They depict scenes from Greek mythology and are considered masterpieces of mosaic art.


Pafos Odeon

A small 2nd century odeon built entirely of well-hewn limestone blocks. It is now used regularly for musical and theatrical performances. Nearby are the remains of the ancient city walls, the Asklepeion, a building dedicated to Asklepios - god of medecine, and the Roman Agora.


Saranta Kolones (Forty Columns) Castle

This Frankish castle was built by the Lusignans towards the end of the 13th century on the site of a previous Byzantine castle and was destroyed by an earthquake in 1922.


Rock of Aphrodite

A majestic spot where the goddess of love and beauty surfaced form the sea. The location is also known as Petra tou Romiou, meaning the rock of the brave one. It is said that the legendary Byzantine hero, Digenis Akritas, with supernatural powers threw a huge rock in the sea and sunk the ships of Arab invaders. Another legend says that if one swims around this rock 3 times will stay young for ever.


from Pafos go to Latchi


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